What are Bunions?

Bunions, or (hallux valgus), according to Wikipedia, are a deformity characterized by lateral deviation of the great toe. The term is used to refer to the pathological bump on the side of the great toe joint. The bump is partly due to the swollen bursal sac and/or an osseous (bony) anomaly on the mesophalangeal joint (where the first metatarsal bone and hallux meet). The larger part of the bump is a normal part of the head of first metatarsal bone that has tilted sideways to stick out at its top.

what are bunions?

The term "hallux valgus" or "hallux abducto-valgus" are the most commonly used medical terms associated with a bunion anomaly, where "hallux" refers to the great toe, "valgus" refers to the abnormal angulation of the great toe commonly associated with bunion anomalies, and "abductus/-o" refers to the abnormal drifting or inward leaning of the great toe towards the second toe, which is also commonly associated with bunions. It is important to state that "hallux abducto" refers to the motion the great toe moves away from the body's midline. Deformities of the lower extremity are usually named in accordance to the body's midline, or the line bisecting the body longitudinally into two halves.

Symptoms of Bunions

The Symptoms of Bunions according to Medicine Net, are:

  • Mal-positioning of the big toe and base joint
  • Increasing pain when walking, running or standing
  • Formation of calluses on the medial border of the big toe
  • Chronic irritation of the skin and base joint bursa
  • Progressive arthrosis (degenerative disease of the joint)
    and/or arthritis and stiffening in the base joint of the toe
  • Podiatric deformities such as hammer toe and claw toe
Millions of people suffer from these symptoms everyday

Degrees of Bunions

The Degrees of Bunion Severity, according to Medicine Net can vary from 1st Degree, where the sufferer can effectively use common bunion splints for treatment; to 4th Degree, where the bunion is so severe that they require surgery to correct the problem.

bunion non-deformity
Mild to moderate bunion deformity
Moderate bunion deformity
Advanced bunion and hammer toe
1st Degree
2nd Degree
3rd Degree
4th Degree

According to MDGuidelines.com, bunions are two to four times more common in women than they are in men. In both genders, the bony deformity is more likely to develop with age.

Men who begin to notice a bony bump on the inner edge of their big toe may want to consider bunion splints or orthotics, which may help correct the condition before it advances and requires bunion surgery.

Bunion Treatment

The Degrees of Bunion Severity will determine what type of bunion treatment is right for you. People suffering from Mild to Moderate bunions are encouraged to use a podiatrist recommended bunion splint such as the Bunion Aid® Bunion Treatment Splint. The Bunion Aid® Bunion Treatment Splint is also recommended for those who need post bunion surgery toe stabilization. For those suffering from a Severe Bunion, a Mid-Foot Brace that supports the arch is recommended. The Bunion Aid® Medial Mid-Foot Arch Support Brace is a proven solution for those with Severe Bunions who do not require surgery.

Bunion Treatment for Mild to Moderate Bunion
Bunion Treatment for Severe Bunion
Bunion Treatment Splint Bunion Treatment Brace

A bunion treatment must address the underlying cause of the deformity, not just the bump (bunion) itself but also the functions of the foot:

  • The up and down motion of the longitudinal arches in the foot (B-C, A-C)
  • The sideways motion of the transverse arch (A-B)
arches of the foot

Learn more about Bunion Treatment